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"Paraphrasing and summarizing"

When one summarizes a text or other medium, the objective is to condense the whole of the text's content into a space that is more quickly digested while still presenting the object's central ideas or concepts in a clear and effective fashion. Paraphrase "To paraphrase" comes from the Greek "paraphrasis meaning literally "to tell in.

Paraphrasing and summarizing

to give depth to your writing To refer to something that led to your ideas. These same reasons for paraphrasing and summarizing are the cause of the confusion between the two. So paraphrasing and summarizing what is the difference then? To give a point of view which is different from yours.when it comes time to write the paper, rely on your notes rather than paraphrasing and summarizing on the authors work. Make sure to jot down the source as well as the page number so that you can make a proper reference later on. What matters is that you capture the original idea.

We know, for example, that free accounting homework help the condition occurs in roughly one out of every thousand children. We also know that the characteristics of autism do not vary from one culture to the next. And we know that the condition is difficult to diagnose until the child has entered the second or third year of.

What's the Difference? Paraphrasing and summarizing are extremely similar actions and involve many of the same processes. The difference between the two is what their objectives are. The purpose of a summary is to condense source material into a shorter form. Paraphrasing, however, is not centrally concerned with length. Rather, paraphrasing is concerned primarily with.


Summarize when: You want to identify only the main ideas of the writer. You want to give an overview of the topic (from several sources) You want to simplify a complex argument You want to condense the matter to suit your requirement. Whether paraphrasing or summarizing, it is very important to always cite the original work in order to give credit to the source.

Paraphrasing and summarizing!

Not all of the details from the original passage need to be included in the paraphrase. You don't need to change every.

particularlywere made to feel guilty for the autism of their children. And it exists in all parts of the world, a whole generation of parentsmothers, what follows is an example of illegitimate paraphrase : The cause of the condition autism has been disputed. It paraphrasing and summarizing occurs in approximately one in a thousand children,paraphrasing and summarizing are both indispensable writing tools. This is not surprising since the two mean very similar things custom admission essay with just a slight difference. First off, paraphrasing and summarizing what are paraphrasing and summarizing? The terms paraphrasing and summarizing often confuse students of English.

Treating people as though they have knowledge that they do not have can result in miscommunication and perhaps embarrassment. On the other hand, a fundamental rule of conversation, at least according to a Gricean view, is that one generally does not convey to others information that one can assume they already have. Here is an.

During this period, autism was often seen as a defence mechanism, or it was misdiagnosed as childhood schizophrenia. An entire generation of mothers and fathers (but especially mothers) were made to feel responsible for their offsprings autism (Sacks 247-48). Most of these sentences do little more than substitute one phrase for another. An additional problem.

Here is an example, in APA style, that would be considered acceptable summarizing of this passage: Nickerson (1999) argues that clear communication hinges upon what an audience does and does not know. It is crucial to assume the audience has neither too much nor too little knowledge of the subject, or the communication may be.

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If a speaker assumes too much knowledge about the subject, the audience will either misunderstand or be bewildered; however, assuming too little knowledge among those in the audience may cause them to feel patronized (p.737). Here the writer re-words Nickerson's idea about what determines effective communication. The writer re-phrases "generally accurate knowledge" into "reasonably accurate.

He sketches the diametrically opposed positions of Asperger and Kanner. On the one hand, Asperger saw the condition as representing a constitutional defect in the child's ability to make meaningful emotional contact with the external world. On the other hand, Kanner regarded autism as a consequence of harmful childrearing practices. For many years confusion about.

Not only is this important for the purposes of intellectual honesty, but in academic settings plagiarism is considered extremely reprehensible and, in most institutions of higher learning, may constitute grounds for severe punishment. References Paraphrase Photo Credits Jupiterimages /Polka Dot/Getty Images.

by John Manshire The Classroom » School Subjects » Difference Between a paraphrasing and summarizing Paraphrase a Summary Choosing between paraphrasing and summarizing can change the way your the help essay prompts argument is presented. Related Articles.along with quot;tion, to summarize means to reduce the most essential points of someone elses work into a shorter form. To paraphrase means to restate someone elses ideas in your own language paraphrasing and summarizing at roughly the same level of detail. And when should I summarize? When should I paraphrase,


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If you're ever in doubt about whether your summary or paraphrase might be accidental plagiarism, ask your teacher. Back Next.

The passage above makes explicit right away that the ideas come from Sacks. Its indebtedness is signaled in a few strategic places. The single parenthetical note at the end of each paragraph is therefore all that is needed by way of citation. Referring to Sacks also strengthens the passage by clarifying the source of its.

If we assume that people know something they do not, then miscommunication and perhaps embarrassment may result (Nickerson, 1999). The writer in this example has used too many of Nickerson's original words and phrases such as "effective communication "accurate idea "know or do not know "pertinent "miscommunication and "embarrassment.". Also note that the passage doesn't.

Lets look at examples of illegitimate and legitimate paraphrase, using a passage from Oliver Sacks essay An Anthropologist on Mars: The cause of autism has also been a matter of dispute. Its incidence is about one in a thousand, and it occurs throughout the world, its features remarkably consistent even in extremely different cultures. It.

How to Avoid Plagiarism: Paraphrasing and Summarizing Paraphrasing and summarizing are very similar. Both involve taking ideas, words or phrases from a source and crafting them into new sentences within your writing. In addition, summarizing includes condensing the source material into just a few lines. Whether paraphrasing or summarizing, credit is always given to the.

Argumentative essays, by contrast, rely on all three tools. Paraphrase and summary are indispensable in argumentative papers because they allow you to include other peoples ideas without cluttering up your paragraphs with quot;tions. These techniques help you take greater control of your essay. Consider using either tool when an idea from one of your sources.

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A summary is always shorter than the original since the idea is to include only the main points of the original work and to leave out the irrelevant. A summary is usually about one-third the size of the original. Now when should you paraphrase and when should you summarize? Paraphrase when: You want to use.

If your reader needs to know only the bare bones, then summarize. Though paraphrase and summary are often preferable to quot;tion, do not rely too heavily on them, either. Your ideas are what matter most. Allow yourself the space to develop those ideas. How do I paraphrase? Whenever you paraphrase, remember these i need help on writing an essay two points: You.

Focus, rather, on filtering the ideas through your own understanding. The following strategy will make the job of paraphrasing a lot easier: When you are at the note-taking stage, and you come across a passage that may be useful for your essay, do not copy the passage verbatim unless you think you will want to.
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